Bible Study Week 4
November 14, 2021

Daniel's View of Future Nations


Dick LaFountain
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Teaching Video Clips
Scheduled to be Posted
on Sunday, November 21, 2021 by 6 pm.

Please take the time to watch each video and print out the lecture to get a fuller view of the subject matter. Not all the material is presented in the video. Also, be sure to think about and discuss the provided discussion questions.
The Book of Daniel

We have seen in the last lesson Daniel's Vision of 70 Weeks that describes in measured detail the timing of things to come. In this lesson we look backon Daniel's previous visions that describe the kingdoms to come before the coming of Christ, the Anointed One. There were three deportations of Jewish exiles to Babylon.

  1. The first in 605 BC included Daniel with the youth nobility of Palestine along with his three youthful friends.
  2. Second came in 597 BC and included Ezekiel who was about the age of 30.
  3. The third and last deportation was in 586 BC when Nebuchadezzer destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple.

Daniel was a man gifted in interpretation of dreams and visions. His book details the important events of his life in captivity.

In chapter 1 Daniel and his three friends were taken captive to Babylon and were chosen to be the elite of Israel's royal families to be trained by Nebuchadnezzar's chief officials for three years to be special leaders in Babylon.

Since their names all ended in iel, ael, iah, signifying the God, Yahweh (Daniel = God my Judge, Hananiah= The Lord shows Grace, Mishael = Who is what God is, and Azariah = means the Lord Helps.)

Thus their names were changed in the hope that they would forget their God and they becameDaniel/Belteshazzar, Hananiah/Shadrach, Mishael/Meshach, and Azariah/Abednego.

In chapter 2 he interpreted a dream of King Nebuchadnezzar of a large statue that predicted four kingdoms to rise after him.

In chapter 3 we see Nebuchadezzer building a 90' tall statue of his god, Nebu (from which he gets his name) and the three boys are thrown into the fiery furnace, and saved by the angel of the Lord.

In chapter 4 is Nebuchadezzer's second dream in which he sees his own fall from grace to eat grass like a mad man and his hair grew like feathers and his nails like bird claws. When he raised his eyse to heaven (called on the name of the Lord) his sanity returned and he glorified God and was restored to his splendor.

Chapter 5 tells the story of Belshazzar, another king of Babylon and the handwriting on the wall. His kingdom was taken away from him and Darius the Mede took over at the age of 62.

Inchapter 6 and the story of Daniel in the den of lions. At the end Darius declared to all peoples, nations and language groups that Yahwey is the living God that mst be worshioped and feared.

Chapter 7 is another dream Daniel received in the first year of Belshazzar. He saw four beasts; 1) a lion, 2) a bear, 3) a leopard, 4) a monster with terrifying teeth and had 10 horns.

Chapter 8 Daniel has aonther vision in the 3rd year of Belshazzar. It is a vision of a ram with two horns, then a goat appeared with a prominent horn appeared from the west who attacked the ram and destroyed him. The goat became very geat but a the height of his power his large horn was broken off and four other horns grew up to take its place. Eventually one of the horns grows strong and takes over the Holy City and causes the daily sacrifice to cease and commits the abomination that causes desolation.

Chapter 9 takes place in the 1st year of Darius, son of Xerxes. This is the chapter we dealt with last week concerning the 70 Weeks of Daniel and its meaning.

Chapter 10-12 takes us to the 3rd year of Cyrus king of Persia and is a vision concerning a great war (10:2) The angel announced three more kings of Persia will arise; Cambyses (530-522), Pseudo-Smerdis (522), Darius I (522-486), and the fourth, Xerxes (486-465) of Queen Esther. The rest of the book is concerning a later time to come and the final judgment and end of the world.

    Part 1 - Introduction To Lesson 4 (3:00 min)
Winston Churchill is often quoted as saying, "Those that fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it." But he wasn't the first to observe that. Irish statesman Edmund Burke is often misquoted as having said, "Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it." Spanish philosopher George Santayana is credited with saying, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."

    Part 2 - The Book of Daniel (16:45 min)
Daniel knew the history of Israel and Judah all to well, but he wanted to know the future. If you want to know the end of a novel you should ask the author. Often anxious readers of a good mystery story are tempted to jump to the last chapter to see how it ends. Daniel was that kind of reader of history. He wanted to know the end of the story. So, God answers his prayer in mysterious visions and symbols that need to be unraveled to see it clearly.

Did Daniel see it clearly? As Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians 13:12, "For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known." Even as the angel of the Lord revealed future secrets to Daniel he urged him to "But you, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end:" (Dan. 12:9, 14) John was told the same thing in Revelation 10:4. "Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not."

    Part 3 - Daniel 12 - The Judgment (11:14 min)
God promises Israel that he will judge the nations and peoples of the earth in the last day. We explore the White Throne Judgment and the Judgment Seat of Christ.

    Part 4 - Persecution (9:30 min)
The world has always persecuted the saints, whether Israel as a nation, or the prophets, the apostles, or the saints. Jesus said we would be persectued for righteousness sake.Paul said "all who live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution." That is true in every age, in every generation, in every culture. Get ready. It is coming!

    Part 5 - God's Promises to Israel (6:07 min)God Is Not Finished With Israel.We can be sure of one thing: God is not finished with Israel. How do we know that? Because God promised Abraham, then he promised David, and in Jeremiah, just before the 70 years of captivity Jeremiah prophesies of the future of Israel, as do Ezekiel and Daniel. There are God's men who waded through the punishment of Israel as a nation, first the northern kingdom, Israel, going into captivity in 722 BC to the Assyrians, then through the captivity of Judah, the southern kingdom, to the Babylonians. Yet, they never lost hope when it seemed all hope was gone. In the midst of God's chastisement of His people He remained faithful to His promises to Israel.

Exlore this video about the TEMPLE MOUNT

    Part 6 - Kings and Kingdoms (7:23 min)There are four kings that Daniel mentions, Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, Darius, and Cyrus. Daniel's stories are not necessarily chronological. If you follow the chapter headings which usually appear in the first verse you will see that some of his thought are reflective, that is they are flashbacks to an early time when he had the vision.

With that in mind let us review the line of Kings during Daniel's time. To make matters more confusing there were several kings named Cyrus, several named Darius, and several named Artaxerxes. This is where a chart of the succession of kings in helpful.

Take note that historians do not agree on the dates for each of these kings. Also note that Daniel is not trying to give a history of the kings. His focus is the vision and miracles God did. He is not trying to give us the names of all the Babylonian and Persian kings. To understand the current kings under whom Daniel worked we must follow the historical chart of the lines of succession from Babylon to Persia.

Here are some of the significant players on God's stage. These rulers played important roles in the lives of biblical heroes such as Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. We will attempt to attach links to each significant king. Otherwise, please do a Google search on your own to learn more about these men.
  • Assyria 722 BC -- Sennacherib
  • Babylon 587 BC -- Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar,
  • Persia -- 397-336 BC -- Cyrus, Darius the Mede, Xerxes, Artaxerxes

  • Greek -- 336-323 BC -- Alexander the Great
  • Egyptian -- 323-198 -- Generals after Alexander to Hannibal
  • Syrian -- 198-165 -- Antiochus Epiphanes IV
  • Maccabeus -- 165-63 BC -- Judas Maccabeus

  • Roman -- 64 BC - 4 BC -- Pompey and Herod the Great
  • Roman Caesars -- 33 AD to 70 AD -- Julius, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Domitian, Vespasian


These are unedited documents and studies I use in my preparations. Please forgive any errors.They will enhance your study of the Word. Print them out and study them. This way we can give you much more than we can in our Videos or in our live classes.

  1. Do you think it is possible that Daniel misstated the Kings of the Persian empire?

  2. Where do you think the three boys were when Daniel was thrown to the lions? Why weren't they thrown in?

  3. Where do you think Daniel and Ezekiel were when the three boys were thrown into the furnance? Why weren't they?

  4. Have you every been persecuted for righteousness sake? When? Where? To what extent?

  5. Do you believe the promises of God to Israel are still valid and in effect today?

  6. What do you think about history repeating itself? Is history cyclical?

  7. What do you thing Jesus meant by "This generation shall not pass until all be fulfilled?"